Chemistry has many disciplines, the main ones being five; inorganic chemistry, organic chemistry, physical chemistry, biochemistry, and analytical chemistry.
Like physics and biology, chemistry is a natural science.
Chemistry is a natural science that studies and deals with matter. The matter includes atoms, compounds, chemical reactions, and chemical bonds. Chemistry traverse the features of matter, its structure, and its interaction with other matter.
The five chemistry branches: an overview
- Organic Chemistry: Organic chemistry studies carbon and its compounds. It studies the chemistry of life and the reactions occurring in living organisms. The structures and properties of organic molecules, drugs, polymers, organic reactions, and fuels include things that an organic chemist might study.
- Inorganic Chemistry:This is the study of components that are not covered by organic chemistry. It is the study of compounds that do not contain a C-H bond or the analysis of inorganic compounds. Most organic compounds contain metals, but a few contain carbon. Inorganic chemists study ionic compounds, minerals, water, organometallic compounds, solid-state components, and compounds in solid-state.
- Analytical Chemistry:Analytical chemistry is the investigation of the chemistry of matter. This includes the development of tools for measuring the properties of matter. Analytical chemistry involves extractions, quantitative and qualitative analysis, distillation, spectroscopy and spectrometry, chromatography, and electrophoresis. Analytical chemists are responsible for developing standards, chemical methods, and instrumental methods.
- Physical chemistry:This is a chemistry branch that applies physics to the study of chemistry. This includes the applications of quantum mechanics and thermodynamics to chemistry.
- Biochemistry:Biochemistry is the study of chemical procedures that occur in the bodies of living things. Proteins, carbohydrates, drugs, nucleic acids, lipids, and neurotransmitters are examples of critical molecules. At times this discipline is regarded as a subdiscipline of organic chemistry. Biochemistry has a close relation to molecular biology, genetics, and cell biology.
Other Chemistry branches
Other ways in which chemistry can be divided depend on who is answering. Other disciplines may be taken as main chemistry branches. Other examples of chemistry include:
- Astrochemistry:Astrochemistry tests the abundance of elements in the universe, their interaction with radiation and matter, and their reactions to each other.
- Chemical kinetics:Chemical kinetics studies rates of reactions of chemicals and processes and the factors that influence them.
- Electrochemistry:Electrochemistry investigates the movement of charge in chemical systems. Electrons are the charge carriers. The discipline also analyzes the behavior of ions and protons.
- Green chemistry: Green chemistry assesses ways of minimizing the impact of chemical processes on the environment. This includes forms of improving processes to make them more eco-friendly as well as amends.
- Geochemistry:Geochemistry assesses the nature and features of geological materials and processes.
- Nuclear chemistry:Nuclear chemistry deals with reactions between protons, subatomic particles, and neutrons.
- Polymer chemistry:Polymer chemistry explores the synthesis and characteristics of macromolecules and polymers.
- Quantum Chemistry:Quantum chemistry explores quantum mechanics to model and explores chemical systems.
- Radiochemistry: Radiochemistry studies the nature of radioisotopes, the effects of radiation on matter, and the synthesis of radioactive elements and compounds.
- Theoretical Chemistry:Theoretical chemistry is a branch of chemistry that applies math, physics, and computer programming to answer questions.
- Chemistry is a vast science with many branches that deals with many physical processes. The components might also overlap with one another.